Flashcards are excellent tools to use with classes of all levels.
They are simple to use and you can use them to present or review vocabulary, grammar topics, practice pronunciation, play games, get your students to make sentences, or write stories.
You can create your own flashcards with cut-outs from magazines, photos you can find online, or have your students make them as a task when practicing vocabulary or any grammar topic.
Another good thing about flashcards is that once you create them, they can be reused with different groups of students for different topics.
Simplifying the way we word the language of instruction, especially when teaching beginners, is very important. As teachers, we have to remember that we are talking to learners of the English language, not to native speakers. The more difficult the words are and the longer and more complex the sentences are, the less our beginner students will understand our instructions, or explanations.
When you plan to use an activity in any section of your lesson, make sure that it has a focus. Let’s consider, for example, a listening activity. One of the most common mistakes made by a teacher is to play a recording and then ask the students to say what it is about. There isn’t any focus in such activity. The students may get lost as there could be a lot of information in that recording. When you focus the activity on certain information, for example, “Listen and complete the chart with all the numbers you hear” you are helping your students improve their listening skills in a very measurable way.