Dictation Teaching ESLBottom-up Processing – Dictation in TESOL

For those of us who have studied or taught in traditional language learning classrooms, we are likely familiar with dictation as a form of assessment.  For lower levels, word lists are often used. The teacher simply reads out a list of pre-taught terms, and students copy down what they hear and have memorized. Correction focuses on spelling of the new terms and possibly identifying the part of speech.   This is a bottom-up type of processing whereby students are listening for single morphemes and syllables, and copying out the full words they hear.

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