The English-only policy has become somewhat of a controversial issue. As the teaching of English to non-native speakers has evolved in the last decades, there have been clear trends that marked the usual practice for teachers. Many years ago the Grammar Translation Method fully supported the use of the students’ native language for instruction as well as for their participation. This then changed gradually until the Communicative Approach came along and suggested the benefits of the English-only policy. This trend seemed to stay consistent for several years, but as of late there seems to be a reconsideration of bringing back L1 into the classroom. This article will explore some of the advantages of using L1 in the ESL classroom and provide tips for effective implementation.
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