Building Vocabulary at Higher Levels

Teaching Vocabulary TESOL course Acquiring a large vocabulary is fundamental at intermediate levels and above. Whether it be for work, pleasure or academic purposes, building vocabulary will increase learner’s ability to understand more complex texts and/or academic lectures, and also communicate more effectively by writing. In this TESOL article, you will learn how to help your students develop their communicative and linguistic competence through new vocabulary.

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Teaching Vocabulary with Dictionaries: Frameworks, Levels, and Activities

How to Improve English Vocabulary with DictionariesIt can be difficult figuring out how to help students improve their English vocabulary once they have become good friends with dictionaries, and have learned to use them as a valuable resource. In this article you will find more English vocabulary games, activities and assignments to challenge your students further.

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Teach ESL Students to Improve Their English Vocabulary with Dictionaries

Teaching Vocabulary with DictionariesHelping students to improve their English Vocabulary can be tricky. There are several reasons why students sometimes seem not to improve or develop their vocabulary. Often, some of these reasons are that they overuse translating dictionaries, or they are in an intermediate level and they have reached a plateau. Other times, students feel like they can get by with what they already know, and they are not challenged enough in class in order to take risks and use new vocabulary.

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ESL Lessons and Dictionaries

ESL dictionary in TESOLThe use of dictionaries in ESL classes has always been a controversial issue. There are several teachers who feel very strongly about the detrimental effect dictionaries may have on students’ second language development; while other teachers believe they are actually quite beneficial.

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How to Introduce New Vocabulary

How to introduce new vocabulary - teaching vocabulary ESLActivating Schema – Teaching Vocabulary

Activating schema is an essential part of introducing new vocabulary. In most cases, the majority of the vocabulary that your students end up using in a lesson comes directly from you and the materials you’ve chosen. Introducing vocabulary is usually best done in context. It’s not so effective to start a lesson by giving your students a list of 15 new words and having them read their definitions. At that early point, they haven’t activated their prior knowledge and they are not clearly seeing the purpose of the words. Instead, introduce the theme and get the students thinking about what they already know. In linguistic terms, we call this activating schemata (link), and it is a crucial early step. Start with a short discussion between pairs or groups, for example, that will elicit from students what they already know about the vocabulary in that scheme. In this way, you and the students know where they are and where they need to go. This is called diagnostic assessment, and it’s a necessary part of effective teaching.

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How To Teach Vocabulary in Context and Plan for Different Levels

Teaching English Vocabulary Vocabulary is an important part of every lesson, regardless of which skill we are focusing on. Teaching vocabulary is a little different than teaching grammar, writing or other concept-based skills. In this article, my goal is to help you think about ways of more effectively incorporating vocabulary instruction into your planning and teaching. I will demonstrate three main principles;

1)     Students will not be able to use most words until they have worked with them repeatedly and understand them deeply.

2)     Students need to see new words in a variety of contexts.

3)     Students need to reuse new vocabulary in subsequent classes if they are to remember it.

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TESOL – Teaching Vocabulary

Teaching vocabulary TESOL blogMany students identify vocabulary as one of the main areas in which they want to see improvement. Many teachers, on the other hand, struggle with the challenge of helping students expand their vocabularies and maintain their active vocabulary bank. A strong vocabulary has a beneficial effect on all skill areas, and helping students improve in this area should be a priority for teachers.

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Using Dictionaries

A good dictionary is very helpful for studying a language. It helps students with meaning, spelling, grammar, and pronunciation.  It is a good idea to use a dictionary which shows all aspects of a word so that students can see how the word is used, and which uses the IPA (International Pronunciation Alphabet) to show how the word is pronounced. Always encourage your students to use an English-English dictionary, especially at a pre-intermediate level and above.

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Teaching Vocabulary: Journals

When ESL learners are asked to discuss their weaknesses in English, many will mention “lack of vocabulary” as an important concern.  Contrary to what most students believe, a teacher cannot actually “teach” them new vocabulary.  A teacher can present and explain words from classroom activities, but the responsibility of actually learning new words lies mainly with the students.  Vocabulary journals are one popular approach that teachers use to help students with this challenging aspect of language learning.

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